Semalam saya ada terangkan tentang program pengurusan masa yang saya jalankan di Universiti Islam Antarabangsa. Saya ada terangkan bahawa satu masalah yang ketara dalam menguruskan masa ialah apabila tiba waktu belajar, anda tidak terasa hendak belajar langsung. Dalam kata lain, anda tidak ada ‘mood’ untuk belajar. Perkara ini akan membuat anda sukar untuk menyiapkan sebarang kerja. Saya juga telah terangkan langkah pertama dalam menguruskan masa berdasaran matlamat anda. Saya ada suruh anda cari subjek yang anda rasa paling lemah dan luangkan lebih banyak masa pada subjek tersebut. Hari ini saya akan terangkan tentang langkah kedua pula.

Langkah kedua – Cari masa yang terluang
Kebanyakan pelajar yang tidak dapat menguruskan masa mereka mengadu bahawa mereka terlalu sibuk hingga tidak mempunyai masa langsung untuk belajar dengan tenang. Kata mereka, dari pagi hingga tengahari, mereka sibuk di sekolah. Selepas waktu sekolah, mereka sibuk pula dengan aktiviti-aktiviti kurikulum seperti persatuan, badan beruniform atau aktiviti-aktiviti kelab sekolah. Pada waktu petang pula, mereka terlibat dalam kegiatan sukan atau mereka mereka mahu menenangkan fikiran dengan berjalan-jalan atau bermain dengan kawan-kawan.
Pada waktu malam, pelajar sibuk dengan aktiviti mengaji atau ada yang perlu menghadiri tuisyen. Aktiviti ini selalunya berakhir pada pukul 10 atau 11 malam. Selepas itu, mereka sudah merasa penat dan tidak boleh belajar lagi. Mereka tidak boleh siapkan kerja sekolah atau membaca topik baru yang disuruh guru mereka di sekolah tadi. Akibatnya, mereka selalu dimarahi guru kerana tidak siap kerja sekolah dan pecapaian mereka dalam bidang akademik pula semakin menurun. Adakah anda juga merasa begini?

Benar, apa yang saya terangkan tadi adalah perkara biasa yang boleh kita lihat berlaku setiap hari kepada para pelajar. Di Kuala Lumpur, saya lihat pelajar sekolah rendah juga begitu sibuk sepanjang hari terutamanya pelajar yang perlu menghadiri sekolah agama pada waktu petang. Apakah yang boleh anda lakukan untuk mencari masa yang terluang agar anda dapat membuat kerja sekolah, mengulangkaji dan dan merasa tidak terlalu penat?
Satu perkara yang anda perlu tahu, dalam pengurusan masa, setiap masa yang ada adalah sangat berharga. Untuk mencari masa anda yang terluang, anda perlu kaji sedalam-dalamnya masa yang anda gunakan setiap hari.

Mari kita mulakan dengan masa anda di sekolah. Sebenarnya, walaupun anda ada kelas dari pagi hingga tengahahari atau petang, banyak masa yang terluang di dalamnya. Contohnya, kadangkala cikgu anda terlewa masuk kelas kerana ada mesyuarat atau perjumpaan. Kadangkala ada cikgu yang tidak masuk ke kelas kerana semua guru ada perjumpaan. Ini merupakan masa yang terluang untuk anda. Biasanya apa yang anda lakukan apabila tidak ada guru di dalam kelas begini? Kebiasaannya, saya lihat pelajar akan membuat bising, berlari ke sana ke mari dan bermain-main sesama mereka. Bukankah anda sudah kerugian masa di sini?

Saya biasa melihat sahabat-sahabat saya yang rajin belajar semasa saya bersekolah di Kolej Islam Sultan Alam Shah Klang dulu. Mereka akan buat kerja sekolah mereka apabila guru tidak ada atau semasa mereka menunggu guru masuk ke kelas. Pada waktu rehat pula, selepas mereka makan, mereka akan cuba siapkan kerja sekolah mereka secepat mungkin.
Pernah saya bertanya kepada sahabat-sahabat saya ini kenapa mereka asyik mengejar masa di sekolah untuk menyiapkan kerja sekolah mereka. Padahal, mereka boleh siapkan semasa di asrama nanti. Jawab mereka, jika semua kerja sekolah sudah disiapkan awal, mereka akan ada masa untuk membuat ulangkaji sendiri terutama subjek-subjek yang mereka rasa lemah. Kata mereka lagi, jika kerja sekolah sudah siap, mereka akan rasa lebih tenang semasa mengulangkaji kerana tidak perlu bimbang dimarahi guru nanti.

Jadi, andaperlu melakukan perkara yang sama. Hari ini, cari di mana agaknya anda boleh curi masa untuk melakukan kerja-kerja anda supaya anda banyak ada banyak masa lain untuk mengulangkaji pelajaran anda.

Tips for dealing with exam stress - Part 2.

Test yourself
Test yourself or get someone to test you on your notes. Bribe a brother or sister to do it for you, or ask your parents. Testing yourself regularly means that you remember facts better and any gaps in your knowledge can be picked up in good time — making the actual exam a lot less stressful.

Stick notes around your house
Buy cardboard stars in bright colours from newsagents, or make some out of card. Write key facts and phrases on each and stick them around your bedroom (preferably on items where they won't leave a mark!) in places where you'll often see them, for example, on your mirror or inside a cupboard that you often open. After a while, these facts will sink in without any extra effort on your part.

Ignore your friends

Not entirely, of course! But when your mates say how much revision they've been doing, they might not be telling the truth. Don't use them as a benchmark — they might not want to seem daggy for doing lots of revision, or they might not be doing enough. Know yourself and know what you have to do — you're in this for yourself.

Ask for help
There are great sources of support available if you feel that you need it. Ask a teacher if you don't understand a particular topic now that you're revisiting it — it doesn't have to the one who taught you if you don't feel that they're good at explaining things to you. School counsellors and even good old mum and dad are also great for getting worries "off your chest". You're not alone, so don't feel that you have to be.

Have a fall-back plan
Okay, so maybe you want to go and study at Harvard, become a top brain surgeon and also have a simultaneous career in tap-dancing BUT, however achievable these goals might be, make sure you have a Plan B. For example, if you don't make your grades, you could consider not going to uni for a year and retaking your exams. Or you might decide to go to a different uni, or just not bother at all. Working out at least a vague idea of what you want to do in life will help you to come up with a fall-back plan (or even two).

Get some exercise
Exercise is a great way to give yourself a break and to max out your concentration span. You don't have to do hours of circuit training — a 15-minute jog or a brisk walk will do the job nicely.

Tips for dealing with exam stress - Part 1

With the HSC exams coming up, many teenagers are facing what is, for most, the biggest challenge yet. Everyone's individual reactions to it will be different. Many students, however, may be panicking. Follow our advice on taking exams, and reduce stress the easy way.

Plan your time
Draw up a realistic revision schedule and stick to it. Include some time for relaxation — it's not healthy to constantly have your nose in a book. To maximise your concentration, break up your time into 15-minute segments, interspersed by five-minute breaks. Knowing that you have a break coming up helps to prevent you from losing interest completely.

Don't be unrealistic
You've spent most of your life at school, and you have a good idea of what you're capable of. If you're an average student, you're unlikely to suddenly jump to the top of the class. Being realistic will help prevent you (and your parents!) from being disappointed when the results come in. The key thing is to do your best.

Avoid sex, drugs and rock 'n' roll (but especially drugs)
Anything that can give you a high will eventually give you a low. Don't try to deal with your stress by turning to alcohol or recreational drugs — apart from anything else, you need all the memory you can get right now! Try not to drink too much coffee either — the caffeine won't help you to concentrate. Drinking plenty of water will keep you hydrated and your brain functioning at its best.

Revise methodically
Simply reading long swathes of text is not going to help you to remember facts and figures. Write out important dates, facts or passages, use lots of coloured pens and underline key phrases. Go back over these notes a day later, and then a week after that. Your memory will be better and you will feel more confident about your exams.

Practical Exam Tips - Part 2

It may sound stupid, but ...
Don't forget to read the instructions and make sure you know what you are being asked to do. You should go into the exam well aware of what is expected of you, but you should always check. Don't, however, waste a lot of time on this.

Honesty- 1
A language exam is not a test of honesty and you will not be penalised if you tell the examiners that you are CANCER rather than SAGITTARIUS in a written question simply because you are sure of how to spell it. Language Tests are quite simply that; they are designed to test your language and not your honesty- don't worry about lying or being economical with the truth in order to show off your accurate language use.

Try to get a good night's sleep the night before any exam.

Try to avoid alcohol the night before an exam, especially in quantity, as a bad hangover is among the very worst things to be suffering from in an exam room.

Practical Exam Tips (Part 1)

Pens and Pencils
Some exams require the use of PENS, while others have to be completed in PENCIL. Make sure you know what you should be using in every paper before you go in.

All the major examination boards have websites these days, usually with sample papers and examiners' reports that you can download. These sites are well worth a visit as they may offer a lot of sound advice. The examiners' report, for instance, can give you an idea of exactly what it is that they are looking for.

Take Spares
Take spare pens and pencils just in case the one you are using stops working.

On time not In time
Allow for problems, hold-ups and traffic jams on the way and make sure you arrive with time to spare so that you can go in calmy rather than in a frantic rush.

Ten Important Tips - Exam techniques

Tests and exams are a regular part of the school environment. It is important that exams be kept in proportion - they are important, but not the end of the world. Some things can be done to make exams a more valuable, worthwhile and less threatening experience for students.

1. Have all necessary material with you: You can't borrow items such as pens, pencils, rulers or special equipment while in an examination.

2. Have a relaxing night before your exams: Have an early night, and try to have a healthy breakfast.

3. Read the entire paper: Where you have choices, decide which ones you plan to answer.

4. Plan your time: Spend some time drafting a plan for the questions you choose to answer.

5. Jot down ideas as they come to you: While you are answering one question, information about another may suddenly occur to you. Jot it down somewhere because when you come to that question perhaps an hour later, you may have forgotten it.

6. Don't leave any questions unanswered: If you are short of time, use note form. Remember, you can only be marked on the answers you give.

7. Never leave the room early: If you have time at the end, go over your work, add information (eg in the margin). You can't return if you suddenly remember a fact after you have left.

8. Do not spend too long on multiple choice questions: With multiple choice questions it is best to cover the answers and work out your own before looking at the choices on paper. If you can't answer the question come back to it later - have a guess.

9. Never omit an entire question: No matter how well you answer other questions, you must leave time for all questions - a perfect answer can still only earn a certain number of marks. If you write nothing, you can't receive any marks and you have lost all your marks for a particular question. Write something - it may at least give you a few points.

10. Maintain a stable energy level: Eating foods such as chocolate bars before an exam might give you an energy boost to begin with but your blood sugar levels will drop within an hour and your energy will plunge dramatically, making it hard for you to concentrate

Rahsia Melalui Tulisan istimewa dari Dr Fadzilah Kamsah

Pertama : Tekanan
i. Tekanan yang kuatSeseorang yang menulis dengan kuat tekanannya sehingga berbekas di bahagian belakang kertas.· Sihat, cergas, pantas dan sedikit agresif
ii. Tekanan yang ringanSeseorang yang menulis dengan lembut dan ringan dan tidak berbekas.· Kurang bertenaga, kurang sihat dan mudah sakit

Kedua : Bentuk Tulisan
i. Tulisan yang bulat-bulatSemua huruf ditulis dengan bulat· Emosional, prihatin, pengasih penyayang, kepekaan tinggi dan banyak memakai otak di sebelah kanan (otak kreatif)
ii. Tulisan yang tajam-tajam atau leper-leperTulisan yang angular dan sharp· Rasional, berkerja dgn sistematik, pandai mengurus dan banyak memakai otak di sebelah kiri (otak logical)

Ketiga : Kecondongan
i. Condong ke kanan· Extrovert, suka bercerita, berkongsi maklumat dgn orang lain, peramah, suka campur orang, mudah memimpin, mudah menunjukkan kasihsayang, berani, pemurah
ii. Condong ke kiri· Introvert, suka menyimpan rahsia, agak pemalu, tak suka berubah, amat setia kepada kekasih, keluarga, organisasi dan negara tetapi tak sukacampur orang
iii. Tegak· Systematic, mudah kawal diri, suka berkawan tetapi tak cari kawan sebaliknya kawan cari dia, tak suka gaduh-gaduh, suka ambil jalantengah
iv. Campur-campur· Emosi tak tetap macam remaja yang belum cukup umur atau macam orang perempuan datang bulan (maaf)

Keempat : Kerapatan
i. Jarang-jarang· Tak suka campur orang, kurang mesra dan sedikit boros.
ii. Rapat-rapat· Suka campur orang, amat bergantung kepada orang lain, jimat atau kedekut

Kelima : Pada huruf J, G, Y, Zi. Ada ekora) Besar, panjang dan sempurna· Tahap emosi yang dipamer itu jelas, pengasih & penyayang, pemurah, mudah kesian pada orang, mempamerkan tahap kerajinan
b) Kecil, pendek dan tak sempurna· Tak pandai mempamerkan emosi, kurang rajin, tak pandai mempamerkan kasih sayang walaupun sayang itu banyak dalam diri

Keenam : Pada palang huruf kecil T (t)
i. Tinggi· Tahap aspirasi tinggiii. Rendah· Mudah berpuas hati, cita-cita rendahiii. Tengah-tengah· Usaha dan tahap pencapaian itu di tahap sederhana

Rumusan oleh editor:

Kesimpulannya dalam mencapai kejayaan dalam setiap peperiksaan yang dihadapi, bentuk tulisan memainkan peranan yang penting dalam membentuk peribadi dan meransang kearah kejayaan. Jadi kepada para pelajar dan yang berkenaan marilah kita melihat dan mengkaji bentuk tulisan masing masing. Adakah perlu diubah?...fikir fikirkanlah...


Peperiksaan... merupakan suatu perkara yang amat ditakuti dikalangan pelajar di malaysia. Sehubungan itu bagaimakah kita selaku pelajar, ibu bapa dan guru mampu menghadapi situasi yang menakutkan ini.

Berikut merupakan pelbagai tips dan perkara yang boleh dilakukan oleh kita terutamanya pelajar yang bakal menghadapi sebarang peperiksaan baik formal mahupun tidak. Selamat membaca...



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